Institut d'Investigació Sanitària Illes Balears (IdISBa) Research Group.

In Vitro and In Vivo Activities of β-Lactams in Combination with the Novel β-Lactam Enhancers Zidebactam and WCK 5153 against Multidrug-Resistant Metallo-β-Lactamase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

Bartolome Moya 1, Isabel M Barcelo 2, Gabriel Cabot 2, Gabriel Torrens 2, Snehal Palwe 2, Prashant Joshi 3, Kushal Umarkar 3, Swapna Takalkar 3, Hariharan Periasamy 3, Sachin Bhagwat 3, Mahesh Patel 3, German Bou 4, Antonio Oliver 2

1Center for Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology, Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA
2 Servicio de Microbiologia and Unidad de Investigacion, Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Instituto de Investigacion Sanitaria Illes Balears (IdISBa), Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
3 Wockhardt Research Centre, Aurangabad, India.
4 Servicio de Microbiologia, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain..

Zidebactam and WCK 5153 are novel bicyclo-acyl hydrazide (BCH) agents that have previously been shown to act as β-lactam enhancer (BLE) antibiotics in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii The objectives of this work were to identify the molecular targets of these BCHs in Klebsiella pneumoniae and to investigate their potential BLE activity for cefepime and aztreonam against metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing strains in vitro and in vivo Penicillin binding protein (PBP) binding profiles were determined by Bocillin FL assay, and 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) were determined using ImageQuant TL software. MICs and kill kinetics for zidebactam, WCK 5153, and cefepime or aztreonam, alone and in combination, were determined against clinical K. pneumoniae isolates producing MBLs VIM-1 or NDM-1 (plus ESBLs and class C β-lactamases) to assess the in vitro enhancer effect of BCH compounds in conjunction with β-lactams. Additionally, murine systemic and thigh infection studies were conducted to evaluate BLE effects in vivo Zidebactam and WCK 5153 showed specific, high PBP2 affinity in K. pneumoniae The MICs of BLEs were >64 μg/ml for all MBL-producing strains. Time-kill studies showed that a combination of these BLEs with either cefepime or aztreonam provided 1 to >3 log10 kill against MBL-producing K. pneumoniae strains. Furthermore, the bactericidal synergy observed for these BLE-β-lactam combinations translated well into in vivo efficacy even in the absence of MBL inhibition by BLEs, a characteristic feature of the β-lactam enhancer mechanism of action. Zidebactam and WCK 5153 are potent PBP2 inhibitors and display in vitro and in vivo BLE effects against multidrug-resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae clinical isolates producing MBLs.

Antimicrob Agents and Chemoter. 2019 Apr 25; 63(5):e00128-19. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00128-19.

Link to Antimicrob Agents and Chemoter

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Dr. Bartolome Moyà

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Illes Balears

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